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BBC Country Profiles: instant guide to find profile, politics and economic background of countries and territories, and background on key institutions. To outsiders, INTJs may appear to project an aura of “definiteness”, of self-confidence. INTJs start building at an early age. When it comes to their own areas of expertise — and INTJs can have several — they will be able to tell you almost immediately whether or not they can help you, and if so, how.

INTJs are perfectionists, with a seemingly endless capacity for improving upon anything that takes their interest. This in turn produces an unusual independence of mind, freeing the INTJ from the constraints of authority, convention, or sentiment for its own sake. INTJs are known as the “Systems Builders” of the types, perhaps in part because they possess the unusual trait combination of imagination and reliability. INTJs can be unsparing of both themselves and the others on the project.

On the other hand, they do tend to be scrupulous and even-handed about recognizing the individual contributions that have gone into a project, and have a gift for seizing opportunities which others might not even notice. In the broadest terms, what INTJs “do” tends to be what they “know”. Personal relationships, particularly romantic ones, can be the INTJ’s Achilles heel. To complicate matters, INTJs are usually extremely private people, and can often be naturally impassive as well, which makes them easy to misread and misunderstand. Fs — only instead of expecting inexhaustible affection and empathy from a romantic relationship, the INTJ will expect inexhaustible reasonability and directness.

Probably the strongest INTJ assets in the interpersonal area are their intuitive abilities and their willingness to “work at” a relationship. Although as Ts they do not always have the kind of natural empathy that many Fs do, the Intuitive function can often act as a good substitute by synthesizing the probable meanings behind such things as tone of voice, turn of phrase, and facial expression. This ability can then be honed and directed by consistent, repeated efforts to understand and support those they care about, and those relationships which ultimately do become established with an INTJ tend to be characterized by their robustness, stability, and good communications. Thinking in this auxiliary role is a workhorse.

Ntuition’s offspring, fully equipping them for fulfilling and useful lives. Good and Worthy and Humane. Thinking is a cardinal dimension in the full measure of the INTJ’s soul. Sensing serves with a good will, or not at all. Thus INTJs sweat the details or, at times, omit them.