Lesbian feminism of color emerged as a response to lesbian feminism thought that failed to incorporate the issues of class and race as sources of oppression along with heterosexuality. Additionally, lesbian feminism advocates lesbianism as a rational result of alienation and feminism dating with these institutions. Bonnie Zimmerman is a lesbian feminist literary critic who frequently analyzes the language used by writers from within the movement, often drawing on autobiographical narratives and the use of personal testimony. Lesbian feminist texts tend to be expressly non-linear, poetic and even obscure.
I name myself “lesbian” because this culture oppresses, silences, and destroys lesbians, even lesbians who do don’t call themselves “lesbians. I name myself “lesbian” because I want to be visible to other black lesbians. Indeed, it could be argued that lesbian feminism pre-empted if not laid the groundwork for queer theory to posit sexuality as culturally specific. Separatism has been considered by lesbians as both a temporary strategy, and as a lifelong practice but mostly the latter. Lesbian separatism became popular in the 1970s as some lesbians doubted whether mainstream society or even the LGBT movement had anything to offer them. The delegates passed a resolution in favor of women’s liberation, but Del Martin felt they had not done enough, and wrote “If That’s All There Is”, an influential 1970 essay in which she decried gay rights organizations as sexist.
The Furies” consisted of twelve women, aged eighteen to twenty-eight, all feminists, all lesbians, all white, with three children among them. They shared chores and clothes, lived together, held some of their money in common, and slept on mattresses on a common floor. They also started a school to teach women auto and home repair so they would not be dependent on men. Lesbian sisters who do not receive those benefits”.
Lesbian Separatism’s potential to encourage lesbians to develop healthy community ethics based on shared values. Faderman also believes that lesbian feminists who acted to create separatist institutions did so to “bring their ideals about integrity, nurturing the needy, self-determination and equality of labor and rewards into all aspects of institution-building and economics”. The term ‘womyn’s lands’ has been used in America to describe communities of lesbian separatists. Elsewhere, lesbian feminists have situated female separatism as quite a mainstream thing and have explored the mythology surrounding it. Margaret Sloan-Hunter compared lesbian separatism to black separatism. If Lesbian separatism fails it will be because women are so together that we will just exude woman identification wherever we go. But since sexism is much older than racism, it seems that we must for now embrace separatism, at least psychically, for health and consciousness sake.