Since then, numerous other mummies have been found and analysed, many of them now displayed in the museums of Xinjiang. Mongoloid mummies found in the Tarim Basin—dating culture in china eight of which are of the same Caucasian physical type found at Qäwrighul.
Desert is very dry, which helped considerably in the preservation of the mummies. Many of the mummies have been found in very good condition, owing to the dryness of the desert and the desiccation it produced in the corpses. As a result of the arid conditions and exceptional preservation, tattoos have been identified on mummies from several sites around the Tarim Basin, including Qäwrighul, Yanghai, Shengjindian, Shanpula, Zaghunluq, and Qizilchoqa. Yuansha population has relatively close relationships with the modern populations of South Central Asia and Indus Valley, as well as with the ancient population of Chawuhu. Wells was able to extract undegraded DNA from the internal tissues.
Genetic analyses of the mummies showed that the maternal lineages of the Xiaohe people originated from both East Asia and West Eurasia, whereas the paternal lineages all originated from West Eurasia. The geographic location of this admixing is unknown, although south Siberia is likely. It has been asserted that the textiles found with the mummies are of an early European textile type based on close similarities to fragmentary textiles found in salt mines in Austria, dating from the second millennium BCE. Anthropologist Irene Good, a specialist in early Eurasian textiles, noted the woven diagonal twill pattern indicated the use of a rather sophisticated loom and said that the textile is “the easternmost known example of this kind of weaving technique.
Mair claims that “the earliest mummies in the Tarim Basin were exclusively Caucasoid, or Europoid” with east Asian migrants arriving in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin around 3,000 years ago while the Uyghur peoples arrived around the year 842. The new finds are also forcing a reexamination of old Chinese books that describe historical or legendary figures of great height, with deep-set blue or green eyes, long noses, full beards, and red or blond hair. Scholars have traditionally scoffed at these accounts, but it now seems that they may be accurate. Chinese historian Ji Xianlin says China “supported and admired” research by foreign experts into the mummies. However, within China a small group of ethnic separatists have taken advantage of this opportunity to stir up trouble and are acting like buffoons. Some of them have even styled themselves the descendants of these ancient ‘white people’ with the aim of dividing the motherland.
But these perverse acts will not succeed”. Turkic’ in her anthropological type than she is to Han Chinese. The body and facial forms associated with Turks and Mongols began to appear in the Tarim cemeteries only in the first millennium BCE, fifteen hundred years after this woman lived. Due to the “fear of fuelling separatist currents”, the Xinjiang museum, regardless of dating, displays all their mummies, both Tarim and Han, together. Physical anthropologists propose the movement of at least two Caucasian physical types into the Tarim Basin. Tocharian, noting a gap of about a thousand years between the mummies and the documented Tocharians: “people can change their language at will, without altering a single gene or freckle.