From the species Ardipithecus ramidus to humans leaving Africa and the last continental glacier in retreat. One paragraph for each of 28 items. In what today is Ethiopia, members of the biological family Hominidae average dating timeline, represented today by the nickname “Lucy.
Walking upright improves the ability to run after game and to run from danger. It is shorter and has disproportionately long arms compared to modern humans and is using stone tools. Homo Erectus is to be described as the first human species to walk fully upright. They create what will be a fossil record of their species. The Eemian interglacial period begins. Greater warmth in the next 5,000 years will allow forests to reach above the Arctic Circle. Throat anatomy suggests to scientists that Neanderthals could speak with complex sounds similar to humans.
Neanderthals and the Pontnewydd Cave in Wales are mentioned. Give or take thousands of years, the Eemian interglacial period ends and another ice age begins, but humans and the Neanderthal will endure. Genetic evidence suggests that they will replace other peoples, except for the Khoisan and pygmy peoples. In density of population they will remain rare.